Frequently Asked Questions
You might have the same question with our clients. Kindly check the questions below and we already have the answers prepared for you. If your have a different question, please ask using the form below.
What is Genetics?
What are Genes?
What are Mutations?
Usually several gene changes or mutations are needed before a cell becomes cancer.
Most cancers start because of acquired gene mutations that happen during a person’s lifetime. Sometimes these gene changes have an outside cause, such as exposure to sunlight or tobacco. But gene mutations can also be random events that sometimes happen inside a cell, without a clear cause.
Acquired mutations only affect the cells that grow from the mutated cell. They do not affect all the cells in the person’s body. This means all the cancer cells will have the mutations, but normal cells in the body will not. Because of this, the mutations are not passed on to a person’s children. This is very different from inherited mutations, which are in every cell in the body – even the cells without cancer.
What is genetic testing?
Who should have genetic testing?
Several first-degree relatives (mother, father, sisters, brothers, children) with cancer
Many relatives on one side of the family who have had the same type of cancer
A cluster of cancers in your family that are known to be linked to a single gene mutation ( such as breast, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers in your family).
A family member with more than 1 type of cancer
Family members who had cancer at a younger age than normal for that type of cancer
Close relatives with cancers that are linked to rare hereditary cancer syndromes
A family member with a rare cancer, such as breast cancer in a male or retinoblastoma
Ethnicity (for example, Jewish ancestry is linked to ovarian and breast cancers)
A physical finding that’s linked to an inherited cancer (such as having many colon polyps)
A known genetic mutation in one or more family members who have already had genetic testing
If you are concerned about a pattern of cancer in your family, cancer you’ve had in the past, or other cancer risk factors, you may want to talk to a health care provider about whether genetic counseling and testing might be a good option for you.
How does Cancer Genetic testing help a person who has already had Cancer?
What Improves a patient’s chances of surviving cancer?
There are different categories of cancer treatment. Each type of treatment comes with specific benefits, risk and side effects. What are the major categories of cancer treatment?
One of the most notable examples from the past several decades in the fight against Cancer is the success in reducing the number of people who ________?
Who gets cancer?
How many people alive today have ever had cancer?
Is cancer contagious?
Can cancer be prevented?
To find cancer early, while it’s small and before it has spread, adults should have regular tests called cancer screening tests. These tests help health care providers find common cancers before they cause symptoms. For example, regular screening can find cancers of the breast, colon, rectum, cervix, mouth, and skin early. If cancer is found early, it can be easier to treat. Survival also tends to be longer for those with early cancer. Talk to a health care provider about which screening tests might be right for you.
Can cancer be cured?
Cure means that treatment has made the cancer go away, and there’s no chance that it will come back. It’s rare that a doctor can be sure that cancer will never come back. In most cases it takes time, and the longer a person is cancer free, the better the chance that the cancer will not come back.
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Your doctor may feel areas of your body for lumps that may indicate a tumor. During a physical exam, he or she may look for abnormalities, such as changes in skin color or enlargement of an organ, that may indicate the presence of cancer.
Laboratory tests, such as urine and blood tests, may help your doctor identify abnormalities that can be caused by cancer. For instance, in people with leukemia, a common blood test called complete blood count may reveal an unusual number or type of white blood cells.
In the laboratory, doctors look at cell samples under the microscope. Normal cells look uniform, with similar sizes and orderly organization. Cancer cells look less orderly, with varying sizes and without apparent organization.
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